Daniel Bain

Associate Professor


Daniel Bain
414 SRCC
4107 O'Hara Street
Pittsburgh, PA 15260


Dr. Bain received his PhD from the Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering at Johns Hopkins University in 2004. He was a National Research Council Post-Doctoral Fellow at the US Geological Survey from 2004-2006 before joining the Department in 2007. Dr. Bain is currently one of the University of Pittsburgh’s Faculty Fellows in Sustainability.

  • Research
  • Publications
  • Laboratory Members
  • Teaching

I focus on the comprehensive assessment of human driven changes in environmental systems.  Hydrology, geomorphology, biogeochemistry, ecology, and spatial analysis are combined to focus on fundamental landscape components, particularly fluvial (stream) and urban systems, over the last several centuries.  These inquiries are supported by laboratory facilities allowing examination of sediment and water chemistry.  Further, they are strongly rooted in collection of field environmental data and historical data from the written archives.

Research Areas

L Rose, Z Yu, DJ Bain, EM Elliott, (2019) “High Resolution, Extreme Isotopic Variability of Precipitation Nitrate” Atmospheric Environment, 207 63-74

AL Hillman, A Yao, MB Abbott, DJ Bain (2019) “Two Millennia of Anthropogenic Landscape Modification and Nutrient Loading at Dian Lake, Yunnan Province, China” Holocene 29(3) 505-517

JF Wilhelm, DJ Bain; MB Green; KF Bush; WH McDowell, (2019) “Trace Metals in Northern New England Streams: Evaluating the Role of Road Salt” PLOS One 14(2) e0212011

Pompeani, D., Hillman, A., Finkenbinder, M., Bain, D., Correa-Metrio, A., Pompeani, K., Abbott, M. (2019). The environmental impact of a pre-Columbian city based on geochemical insights from lake sediment cores recovered near Cahokia. Quaternary Research 91(2) 714-728

TT Phan, JA Hakala, DJ Bain, (2018) “Influence of colloids on lithium and radiogenic strontium isotopes as geochemical tracers in ground and produced waters” Applied Geochemistry 95:85-96

B Mintmier, J McGarry, C Sparacino-Watkins, J Sallman, K Fischer-Schrader, A Magalon, JR McCormick, JF Stolz, G Schwarz, D Bain, P Basu (2018) “Molecular Cloning, Expression and Biochemical Characterization of Periplasmic Nitrate Reductase from Campylobacter jejuni.” FEMS Microbiology Letters 365(16) fny151

N Hager, C Krasowski, T Mackie, A Kolb, P Needham, A Augustine, A Dempsey, C Szent-Gyorgyi, M Bruchez, D Bain, A Kwiatkowski, A O'Donnell, J Brodsky (2018) “Select α-arrestins control surface abundance of the mammalian Kir2.1 potassium channel in a yeast model” Journal of Biological Chemistry jbc-RA117.

Rossi, RJ*, DJ Bain, EM Elliott, MT Divers, BC O’Neill* (submitted) “Hillslope Soil Water Flowpaths and the Dynamics of Roadside Soil Cation Pools Influenced by Road Deicers” Hydrological Processes

KG Hopkins*, DJ Bain (submitted) “Spatial patterns in early sanitation practice create contemporary patterns of stream burial and sewer leakage” Freshwater Science

EK Pfeil-McCullough*, DJ Bain, J Bergman, D Crumrine (2015) “Emerald ash borer and the urban forest: Changes in landslide potential due to canopy loss scenarios in the City of Pittsburgh, PA” Science of the Total Environment 536, pp 538–545

Rossi, RJ*, DJ Bain, .GD Jenerette, L Weller Clarke, L. & K Wilson, (2015) “Responses of Roadside Soil Cation Pools to Vehicular Emission Deposition in Southern California” Biogeochemistry Volume 124, Issue 1-3, pp 131-144

KG Hopkins*, NB Morse, DJ Bain, ND Bettez, NB Grimm, JL Morse, MM Palta (2015) “Type and timing of stream flow changes in urbanizing watersheds in the Eastern U.S.” Elementa 3: 000056

AL Hillman, MB Abbott, JQ Yu, BA Steinman, DJ Bain (accepted) “The Isotopic Response of Lake Chenghai to Hydrologic Modification from Human Activity” The Holocene

R Dilmore, J Sams, D  Glosser, K. Carter, DJ Bain, (2015) “Spatial and temporal characteristics of historical oil and gas wells in Pennsylvania:  implications for new shale gas resources” Environmental Science and Technology 49 (20), pp 12015–12023

AM Kaynar ,  MP Nowalk, CJ Lin, KK Moehling, M Susick, V Bakalov, BR Pitt, DJ Bain, TM Ross, SG Saul, RK Zimmerman (accepted) “Are plasma mineral levels related to antibody response to influenza vaccination in older adults?” Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics

L Liu, L Tseng, Q Ye, YL Wu, DJ Bain, C Ho (accepted) “A New Method for Preparing Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Labeling with Ferumoxytol for Cell Tracking by MRI”, Scientific Report

L Liu, Q Ye, M Lu, Y-C Lo, Y-H Hsu, M-C Wei, Y-H Chen, S-C Lo, S-J Wang, DJ Bain, C Ho (2015) “A New Approach to Reduce Toxicities and to Improve Bioavailabilities of Platinum-Containing Anti-Cancer Nanodrugs” Scientific Report  5, Article number: 10881,     doi:10.1038/srep10881


GEOL 1060/2060, Geomorphology

This course is a survey of the major landform features found on the earth's surface.  Each landform type is first described qualitatively and then examined in terms of the processes, such as stream flow or glacial activity, which cause its development.  The purpose of the course is to familiarize students with geomorphic principles.

GEOL 2054, Soils:  Geobiochemical Landscapes

An overview of soils with a strong emphasis on landscape scale process.  The course consists of lecture and laboratory/field work.  The lecture will include a description of physical and chemical soil properties and processes, discussion of major soil classifications and description of ramifications at the landscape scale.

GEOL1051/2151,  Groundwater Geology

This course focuses on physical and chemical processes controlling water movement and composition in sub-surface environments.  The lab focuses on practical field methods for the characterization of groundwater.